Johann Strauss II (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899), also known as Johann Strauss Jr., the Younger, the Son (German: Sohn), Johann Baptist Strauss, was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas.
He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet.
In his lifetime, he was known as ½The Waltz King½, and was largely then responsible for the popularity of the waltz in Vienna during the 19th century.
Strauss had two younger brothers, Josef and Eduard Strauss, who became composers of light music as well, although they were never as well known as their elder brother.
Some of Johann Strauss’ most famous works include ½The Blue Danube½, ½Kaiser-Walzer½ (Emperor Waltz), ½Tales from the Vienna Woods½, and the ½Tritsch-Tratsch-Polka½.
Among his operettas, Die Fledermaus and Der Zigeunerbaron are the best known.